India is famous for its cave shrines that are located in 29 kilometers from the city of Aurangabad in Maharashtra. The Ajanta and Ellora Caves are the most popular shrines that are a real attraction for tourists and vacationers from all over the world. These two groups of caves were created with hand cut rocks. The Ajanta and Ellora Caves have a historical significance. They were made between second century BC and eighth century AD. In 1819 the shrines were discovered by the expedition of John Smith. He was an Officer of the British Army and became an explorer of the caves inspecting the surroundings of the Sahyadri Hills not far from the Waghora River. The Ajanta and Ellora Caves belong to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites and are among the most visited places of interest in India. These cave shrines are also determined as one of 7 Wonders of India.
FYI: all the 7 Wonders of India can be visited during a single tour to India. All you need is to contact a Kashmir travel agency and order such a custom tour.
The Ajanta Caves
The Ajanta Caves are situated deep inside the Sahyadri Hills’ region. It is a very beautiful place for visiting and enjoying the beautiful views of nature. These Caves are also known for its ancient depictions and sculptures of Buddhist Jatakas that show the legends about the Lord Buddha’s reincarnation. There are 29 caves in Ajanta that were used for the religious practices by the Buddhist monks. These caves are also famous for the cave paintings that were created with a chisel and hammer as the tools. Bodhisattvas, Avalokiteshvara and Padmapani are the most popular paintings on the caves in the Ajanta area and appeal to the touristic attention. The images of the princesses and nymphs are also can be found on the caves’ walls there.
The Ellora Caves
The Ellora Caves are located in 30 kilometers from the city of Aurangabad. The Ellora area is known for 34 caves that have beautiful architecture and the interesting interiors. The caves are famous for the images devoted to the faiths of Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism. At the Buddhist caves there are the Lord Buddha’s sculptures, at the Hindu caves there is the sculpture of a great saint Vishvakarma in the stupa. You can find also a lot of images that depict the celebrations or joy of the ancient people inside and outside the caves.
The Ajanta and Ellora Caves are globally famous monuments that keep the religious memories and the spirit of the Indian antiquity. Such beautiful views of nature and magnificent images made by the simple tools are really worth to be visited.